This research was carried out at Naturalis Biodiversity Center and the University of Plymouth with funding from the Leverhulme Trust and the NBC Martin-Fellowship. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under the Marie Sklodowska-Curie grant agreement No 746186.

© 2017 Deborah Wall-Palmer

Atlanta helicinoidea Gray, 1850

This is the only species of Atlanta with eye type c.

 

Synonyms:

Atlanta depressa Souleyet, 1852

Atlanta helicinoides Souleyet, 1852

  • The spire is flattened with 4½ to 4¾ whorls and is heavily ornamented with multiple continuous spiral ridges. This can make it difficult to identify the whorls, particularly the second whorl which is often narrow.

  • The keel is low and undulating.

  • The spire may be purple or tan-brown or red-brown. Juveniles are often tan-brown.

  • The adult shell is small, reaching only 2mm.

  • Eye type c, operculum type c, radula type I.

  • Two forms of this species have been identified from morphology, CO1 sequences and distributions.

 

Similar species: 

 

 

Further Reading:

 

Frontier, S., 1966. Notes morphologiques sur les Atlanta récoltées dans le plancton de Nosy Bé (Madagascar). Cahiers ORSTOM Oceanographie 4, 131–139.

 

Seapy, R.R., 1990. The pelagic family Atlantidae (Gastropoda: Heteropoda) from Hawaiian waters: a faunistic survey. Malacologia 32, 107–130.

 

Seapy, R.R. 2011. Atlantidae. In: Tree of life web project. Available at http://tolweb.org/Atlantidae accessed 1 April 2017.

 

Seapy, R.R., Lalli, C.M., Wells, F., 2003. Heteropoda from Western Australian waters., in: The Marine Flora and Fauna of Dampier, Western Australia. Western Australian Museum, Perth, pp. 513–546.

 

Van der Spoel, S., 1976. Pseudothecosomata. Gymnosomata and Heteropoda. Bohn, Scheltema & Holkema, Utrecht.

 

Van der Spoel, S., 1972. Notes on the identification and speciation of heteropoda (Gastropoda). Zoologische mededelingen 47, 545–560.

 

Wall-Palmer, D., Burridge, A.K., Goetze, E., Stokvis, F., Janssen, A.W., Mekkes, L., Moreno-Alcántara, M., Bednaršek, N., Schiøtte, T., Vinther Sørensen, M., Smart, C.W., Peijnenburg, K.T.C.A. Biogeography and genetic diversity of the atlantid heteropods. Progress in Oceanography, in press. doi: 10.1016/j.pocean.2017.11.004

Wall-Palmer, D., Metcalfe, B., Leng, M.J., Sloane, H.J., Ganssen, G., Vinayachandran, P.N., Smart, C.W. Vertical distribution and diurnal migration of atlantid heteropods. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 587: 1–15. doi: 10.3354/meps12464.

Wall-Palmer, D., Smart, C.W., Kirby, R., Hart, M.B., Peijnenburg, K.T.C.A., Janssen, A. 2016. A review of the ecology, palaeontology and distribution of atlantid heteropods (Caenogastropoda: Pterotracheoidea: Atlantidae). Journal of Molluscan Studies, 1-14.